What Are the Principles of Surveying in Oklahoma Civil Engineering?

Jan 30, 2023 | Civil Engineer

Oklahoma civil engineering projects are significant undertakings that involve building structures or systems in the natural environment. Like many other large projects, having a land survey conducted will contribute to the project’s construction process and the overall success of the finished structure or system.

There are many types of civil engineering Tulsa projects. Because land surveying involves gathering accurate data about the land in an efficient and timely manner, a surveying technician can contribute to a variety of these projects by:

  • Planning and estimating new engineering projects, such as irrigation plans, bridges, transmission lines, and railroads.
  • Developing topographical maps that accurately show slopes, entrances, natural features, and manufactured additions.
  • Preparing accurate boundary maps for anything from small properties to entire states, preventing property disputes.
  • Creating engineering maps that show the positions of completed and future works, such as canals, roads, and buildings.
  • Increasing overall project efficiency with contour maps that show the best possible routes and earthwork required.

Technicians can produce this useful information by considering the principles of Oklahoma land surveying throughout the process.


The Principles of Oklahoma Land Surveying

Working from Whole to Part

Before an area is surveyed, a system of highly precise control points is established that covers the entire area. After this, additional details and minor control points are established. These can be at a lesser degree of precision but are still fairly accurate.

By working from whole to part in this way, the technician can prevent an unnecessary accumulation of errors, allowing the survey team to localize and control any minor errors. If the survey is conducted from part to whole, small errors may go unnoticed, allowing several to accumulate.


Location of Points by Measurement

The full name of this principle is “location of points by measurement of two points.” To determine the location of a new point, a technician will make measurements based on at least two points of reference. Because these reference points were previously established and confirmed as correct, it helps to ensure that the location of the new point is also accurate.


Consistency of Work

Any project requires accurate measurements to be as successful as possible, especially expansive Oklahoma civil engineering projects. As such, all involved surveying techniques and methods must stay consistent. To grant the desired level of accuracy, the technician will use the same methods, instruments, readings, and noting observations throughout the project.


Independent Check

While locating points by measuring two established points will often yield accurate results, more work is needed before the results are finalized. According to the independent check principle, every measurement taken in the field must be re-checked through a suitable method. These independent field tests and observations ensure that mistakes are caught and corrected.


Accuracy Required

For your civil engineering project to succeed, it must be constructed based on accurate information. As such, this surveying principle is an essential consideration. Through this, the proper methods, instruments, and technology utilized in the survey should be chosen based on the degree of accuracy required in the results.


Land Surveying and Civil Engineering Tulsa

Sisemore & Associates is prepared to help make your project a success. Our engineering and planning staff can produce integrated documents and drawings based on your objectives. From there, our experienced technicians can facilitate an efficient construction process by creating accurate surveys. Contact us to learn more about our services.