Understanding Land Surveying and Mapping

Jun 26, 2024 | Land Surveying

When embarking on any project that involves land, whether it is construction, real estate development, or land division, understanding the importance of land surveying and mapping is crucial. These services provide a foundation for accurate project planning and execution, ensuring that all land-related data is precise and reliable. But what exactly do these terms mean, and why are they necessary for your project?


Land Surveying 101: How Do Surveying and Mapping Differ?

People often use the terms surveying and mapping interchangeably. While they work hand-in-hand on many projects, they have some differences.


What Is Surveying?

Surveying is the process of measuring and mapping out the position, dimensions, and contours of land. It involves using specialized equipment and techniques to determine property boundaries, elevations, and various other geographical features. The data collected during a survey is essential for creating maps and plans that accurately reflect the surveyed area.

Various types of land surveys may be utilized depending on the scope of the project, including:

  • ALTA surveying
  • Topographical surveying
  • GPS surveying
  • Hydrographic surveying
  • CFedS surveying
  • Boundary surveying


What Is Mapping?

Mapping is the process of creating visual representations of the land based on data collected through surveying. It involves gathering spatial data and representing it in an easy-to-interpret format, such as maps, charts, or 3D models. Mapping can include a variety of information, such as topography, land use, infrastructure, and more.


Does an Oklahoma Surveyor Handle Both Surveying and Mapping?

Surveying and mapping are used together quite often. A professional surveyor conducts the survey to gather land data, which is then transformed into a map. That map visually represents the data collected in the field, and may be created by the surveyor, a land mapping expert at the same surveying firm, or another party.

Both surveying and mapping can be helpful to a variety of projects, such as:

  • Construction Projects. Before any construction can begin, accurate land measurements are necessary to ensure the building will be properly situated and comply with local regulations.
  • Land Development. Developers need detailed survey data and land maps to understand the topography and boundaries of the land they intend to develop.
  • Land Subdivision. When dividing a large parcel of land into smaller lots, precise land data ensures each lot is correctly measured and legally described.
  • Infrastructure Projects. Roads, bridges, and utilities require accurate land surveys and maps to ensure they are built correctly and safely.
  • Real Estate Transactions. The precise data from ALTA surveying is often needed to obtain title insurance or a loan to complete a real estate transaction.


Do You Really Need Both Land Surveying and Mapping?

Combining surveying and mapping provides a comprehensive understanding of the land, which is crucial for informed decision-making. Here is why you should partner with an Oklahoma surveyor that does both:

  1. Accurate Planning and Design. Surveying provides precise measurements essential for the accurate design of buildings, roads, and other infrastructure. Mapping helps visualize these plans within the broader geographical context so they fit seamlessly into the surrounding environment.
  2. Legal Compliance. Surveying and mapping ensure that your project complies with legal requirements by accurately defining and mapping out property boundaries and other essential geographical information.
  3. Risk Management. Accurate surveys and maps help identify potential issues such as encroachments, easements, or environmental constraints. This allows for proactive problem-solving and risk mitigation.
  4. Cost Efficiency. Proper planning using detailed surveys and maps can prevent costly mistakes during construction and development and help improve efficiency so projects are completed on time and within budget.
  5. Improved Communication. Maps and survey data provide a clear visual representation that can be easily shared with project stakeholders, including architects, engineers, and contractors. This improves communication and collaboration, leading to better project outcomes.


Sisemore & Associates: The Experts in Surveying and Mapping

With over 25 years of experience, Sisemore & Associates is a trusted name in surveying and mapping. Our expertise as Oklahoma surveyors ensures that your project benefits from the most accurate and reliable data available. We specialize in a variety of surveying services to meet your project’s needs.

Please reach out to start your project with us.