Civil engineering Tulsa involves the construction of prominent structures or systems. This includes projects like roads, airports, bridges, pipelines, and electrical grids.
Because civil engineering projects are significant and involve changes to the natural environment, a Tulsa surveying technician must review the area before construction begins. The land survey’s information will help project managers and engineers ensure that the structure will be safe and reliable in the long term.
Definition of Tulsa Surveying in Civil Engineering
For use in civil engineering, Oklahoma land surveying involves gathering useful data about a plot of land. The technician will measure the horizontal and vertical distances between points. They will also describe the land’s structure and surface characteristics.
Role of Surveying in Civil Engineering Tulsa
Surveys are necessary when planning, constructing, and maintaining any civil engineering project. The various applications of surveys in civil engineering include:
- Creating topographical maps.
- Planning construction projects and preparing tools.
- Estimating projected paths for roads, power lines, and irrigation systems.
- Assessing and recording property boundaries.
The technician will determine the land’s exact boundaries and details to ensure that the finished structures are safe and legal. Additionally, the technician will:
- Provide proper infrastructure design and development.
- Help protect the surrounding environment.
- Maximize the project’s efficiency.
- Help determine the project’s construction schedule.
Surveys Used in Civil Engineering
The two primary civil engineering survey types are plane surveying and geodetic surveying.
When are Plane Surveys Used?
When are Geodetic Surveys Used?
Technicians conduct these surveys when the Earth’s radius of curvature needs to be considered. Instead of a flat plane, the technician considers the Earth’s sphere. Government agencies often conduct geodetic surveys before major infrastructure projects begin, such as pipelines and canals.
Specific Oklahoma Land Surveying Types
Because plane and geodetic surveys cover such a wide range, it is important to use more specific survey types. The survey conducted depends on the specific project. Often, multiple surveys are required. For example, if a technician is working on a dam project, they will likely conduct a:
- Pre-construction topographical survey.
- Pre-construction hydrographic survey.
- Post-construction as-built survey to ensure that it matches the plans, fits in boundaries, and remains safe.
While many survey types are utilized in civil engineering, topographic surveys and as-built surveys are among the most prominent.
Role of Topographic Surveys
- Distance and angles between points.
- Elevation measurements.
- Specific terrain.
These surveys include descriptions of the land’s natural and artificial features and the locations of improvements.
Role of As-Built Surveys
Due to the size of most civil engineering projects, additional surveys are often needed post-construction. Once a civil engineering project is completed, the technician will conduct an as-built survey to establish the data’s accuracy. Technicians will continue to inspect the structures regularly in order to:
- Determine if they still perform safely and properly.
- Locate any foundation shifts or tilts.
- Locate and repair any structural damage.